Global Education

Afghanistan’s post-Taliban struggles

By Denebola
Published: November 2007
By David GabrielNATO, The United Kingdom, and the United States led a coalition into Kabul, Afghanistan on October 7, 2001.
Invasions, however, are not foreign to Afghanistan. Violent civil
wars have torn Afghanistan apart for the past 30 years, ever since the former Soviet Union attempted to occupy Afghanistan in a similar fashion to the coalition, in December 1979.
The United Nations High Commission for Refugees stated in 2001,
“Afghans remain the largest single refugee group in the world.”
Over 4 million Afghan refugees have fled to refugee camps and sought asylum in the Islamic Republics of Iran and Pakistan.
According to the United Nations, not only are there a tremendous
number of refugees, there are estimated to be over 1 million Afghanis
internally displaced in Afghanistan.
The United States Committee for Refugees declared that “Operation
Enduring Freedom is accelerating the descent of Afghanistan’s
decades-old refugee crisis into a humanitarian disaster of untold
proportions,” on October 1, 2001.
After the United States invaded Afghanistan, in 2001, close to 20,000 Afghanis fled to Chaman, a city located in southwest Pakistan. These
people fled to Chaman in search of protection and assistance.
In 2005, Tajikistan closed its borders to Afghani refugees, and
stationed over 10,000 Russian soldiers on the border, to prevent the
flood of refugees from crossing. This act of agression against
refugees fleeing their homes has led tens of thousands of those
refugees, many of which women and children, to populate several
islands within the Pyanj River, which runs along the Tajik border
There is no end in sight for this terrible situation, but hopefully
with more recognition of the problem, more progress will be made.

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